Bioperine is a trademarked absorption agent. Through its active component piperine, black pepper is able to modify the metabolism of supplement intake and increase the absorption rate.
L-citrulline is an amino acid. When taken before exercise, it is proven to reduce fatigue and increase endurance for both aerobic and anaerobic prolonged exercise. The supplementation of L-citrulline also increases ornithine and arginine plasma content resulting in an increase in nitric oxide.
Creatine stores high-energy phosphate groups in the form of phosphocreatine. Phosphocreatine releases energy to aid cellular function during stress. This in turn causes strength increases during prolonged supplementation as well as an increase in muscle mass.
This chemical is the building block of carnosine, a molecule that assists in buffering acid with-in muscles. This action has resulted in an increase in physical performance from the 60-240 second range. Beta-alanine supplementation has been shown to result in increased lean body mass (LBM) and is also being studied for its extensive anti-oxidant benefits.
Betaine Anhydrous, or also known as trimethylglycine) is a molecule that regulates water balance with-in cells. Betaine has been linked to an increase in power output as well as workout volume and endurance.
Taurine is an organic acid which acts as a lipid/membrane stablilizer in the body and can aid in various anti-oxidant defense systems. Taurine regulates blood sugar levels while simultaneously reducing insulin sensitivity.
BEET JUICE EXTRACT
This extract has been shown to increase nitric oxide levels particulally taken before intense physical excercise. Increased blood flow and nitrate plasma levels are increased after consumption and supplementation of beet juice extract.
Caffeine has been shown to be a powerful stimulant that is proven to increase focus and energy levels. It is the world's most widely consumed stimulant. Caffeine is often found in tea, coffee, energy drinks, soft drinks, and even some chocolates.
Huperzine A is a well studied cognitive enhancer. It is widely known as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. This inturn means that it stops an enzyme from breaking down acetylcholine which results in increases in acetylcholine (also known as the learning or focus nuerotransmitter.)
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